Healthy eating and healthy drinking
There is no single diet or eating plan recommended in Crohn’s disease. Your doctor or a dietician may be able to help you with individual dietary advice to suit your needs.
The more carefully you prepare your food, the more nutrients and vitamins it will retain. Stewed and steamed foods are more appropriate than baked. Due to chronic inflammation of the GI tract, your body can absorb foods only to a limited extent. With proper diet and carefully prepared foods, you will be able to mitigate these issues.
You can alleviate problems by following some simple rules. Avoid acidic, sweet, hot or cold foods and spicy and greasy food. Excessive eating of raw foods or cereal products (e.g. whole grain bread) is also not recommended.
Alpha and Omega: healthy eating and healthy drinking
The Alpha and Omega of a healthy diet is sufficient intake of liquid. An adult person should drink at least 1.5 to 2 liters of liquid a day. In Crohn’s disease, this need may be significantly higher during flares, especially due to diarrhoea.
Prevent fluid loss – stay well hydrated! In addition to a healthy diet, make sure you drink enough. Particularly during periods of exacerbations, you should drink more than two liters of liquid, which is more than is necessary for a healthy person.
In addition to food items, also monitor the selection of drinks you consume. Fizzy, sweet and acidic drinks (e.g. citrus fruit juices and lemonades) and drinking too much coffee can cause additional problems.
In various professional discussions, clinicians advise that you limit drinking to non-carbonated mineral water, mild teas and non-acidic fruit and vegetable juices. This includes beverages such as banana or pear juice or chamomile tea. Especially non-carbonated mineral water provides your body with the necessary microelements.
General ban on alcohol?
People who enjoy a good glass of wine or beer can relax. There is no general ban on alcohol consumption in Crohn’s disease. However, you should only drink sensible amounts of alcohol at certain occasions. If your disease aggravates, you have to give up drinking alcohol.