• abscess

    localized collection of pus

  • aphthae

    painful white blisters inside the mouth

  • anamnesis

    medical history; information about a patient, his/her life, past and present environment, problems and previous illnesses, treatments, illnesses that run in the family as reported by the patient or others familiar with the patient before the commencement of treatment

  • anaemia

    a condition where erythrocyte and/or haemoglobin concentration in the blood is decreased due to bleeding, faulty red blood cell production, destruction of red blood cells or a combination of both

  • ankylosing spondylitis

    a chronic form of arthritis that primarily affects the spine

  • arthritis

    inflammation of a joint

  • autoimmune hepatitis

    chronic, autoimmune disease of the liver that occurs when the body's immune system attacks liver cells causing the liver to be inflamed

  • C-reactive protein (CRP)

    indicator of acute inflammation, in healthy individuals present in very low concentrations

  • calprotectin

    calcium binding protein found in neutrophils and secreted into faeces in inflammatory bowel disease

  • colon

    large intestine

  • dysplasia

    an abnormal development, size, shape and organisation of cells, tissues, organs, extremities, body

  • endoscope

    a device for visual examination of body cavities and hollow organs and performing certain procedures (with cold light source, usually with a canal for irrigation of visual field, canal for introducing instruments and connection with a camera)

  • endoscopy

    examination by means of an endoscope

  • episclera

    a thin layer of tissue that lies between the white of the eye (sclera) and the conjunctiva

  • episcleritis

    inflammation of the episclera

  • erythema nodosum

    a type of skin inflammation that produces tender red and often painful bumps (nodules) under the skin

  • fistula

    an abnormal passage, usually as a canal between two organs or from a deeper tissue to the surface (skin, mucosa), formed by a pathologic process (e.g. purulent infection, operation or due to development disorders, often named after organs or parts with which it connects

  • gastrointestinal tract

    digestive tract

  • haemoglobin

    a protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen to tissues and gives blood its red colour

  • hydronephrosis

    urine-filled dilation of the renal pelvis and/or calyces as a result of obstruction

  • ileus

    severe or complete mechanical and/or functional obstruction of the normal movement of the product of digestion with typical symptoms (abdominal cramps, vomiting, not passing stools or gas); bowel obstructio

  • incidence

    number of newly diagnosed cases

  • lesion

    localised flat tissue change; plaque

  • lumen of the intestine

    the opening inside the intestine

  • manifestation


  • mucosa

    a membrane that lines various cavities in the body; it contains glands that excrete mucus

  • prevalence

    number of existing cases

  • pyoderma gangrenosum

    a rare skin condition that is characterized by small, red bumps or blisters (papules or nodules) that eventually erode to form swollen ulceration of various sizes with a blue-black rim. They are not related to an infection or to gangrene. Often occurs as an extra intestinal form of chronic inflammatory bowel disease.

  • remission

    a temporary diminution of the severity of a health condition

  • sacroiliitis

    an inflammation of sacroiliac joints where spine and pelvis join

  • spondylitis

    inflammation of one or more vertebrae

  • sporadic

    appearing or happening at irregular intervals in time, scattered or isolated instances

  • ESR

    erythrocyte sedimentation rate

  • steatosis

    excessive build-up of fat in various tissues

  • stenosis

    narrowing of tubular body organs

  • stoma

    a surgically created opening on the abdominal wall connected with the bowels, through which the bowel excretes its contents

  • stomatitis

    inflammation of the oral mucosa

  • ulceration

    disintegration of surface epithelial tissue resulting from processes on the surface or below

  • ulcer

    a lesion or sore on the skin or mucous membrane resulting from the gradual disintegration of surface epithelial tissue

  • uvea

    the middle layer of the eye

  • uveitis

    inflammation of the uvea

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