Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas (i.e. cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). Often, early prostate cancer has no symptoms at all. Advanced prostate cancer can cause men to urinate more often or have a weaker flow of urine, but these symptoms can also be caused by benign prostate conditions.
Prostate cancer usually grows very slowly. Most men with prostate cancer are older than 65 years and do not die from the disease. Finding and treating prostate cancer before symptoms occur may not improve health or help you live longer. Talk to your doctor about your risk of prostate cancer and whether you need a screening test.
Men with prostate cancer have many treatment options. You may receive more than one type of treatment. Treatment can vary - what is considered the best for one man may not necessarily be the best for another man. The treatment that’s right for you depends mainly on:
- Your age
- Gleason score (grade) of the tumor
- Stage of prostate cancer
- Your symptoms
- Your general health
At any stage of disease, care is available to control pain and other symptoms, to relieve the side effects of treatment and to ease emotional concerns.