Chemotherapy

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Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells arresting the growth, by using drugs called antineoplastic. Cancer cells replicate more rapidly than normal; substances used in chemotherapy interfere with the mechanisms related to the replication of cells, killing them in the process (cytotoxic effect).

Why do you need chemotherapy?

  • To reduce the size of the tumor
  • To keep the disease under control and slow down the evolution
  • To relieve the symptoms and pain caused by metastases and preserve a decent quality of life.

In the past, this strategy was not commonly used in the management of prostate cancer; the old drugs were not particularly effective.In recent years there have been many advances and chemotherapy is used mainly when the cancer is in a metastatic stage, i.e. when it has spread outside the prostate and hormonal therapy is not sufficient.

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