RELAPSE is the situation when the patient starts to re-experience disease symptoms, which have gone away earlier.
WHAT CAUSES THE DISEASE RELAPSE?
- If drugs are not taken regularly:
blood sugar level is too low and the drugs stop working
- Discontinuation of drugs, particularly without consulting a doctor
- The patient experiences too much stress e.g. quarrels, illness of a patient or his/her close one, exam
- Drinking alcohol (beer is also alcohol), smoking cannabis or using drugs
Every time a diseases relapses, especially if a patient discontinues to take drugs on his/her own:
- Most often the patient will NEED TO STAY IN HOSPITAL.
- Usually such a relapse is LONGER AND MORE DIFFICULT TO TREAT THAN THE PREVIOUS ONE (higher doses of drugs are needed, or even a combination of two or three drugs at the same time).
- The patient SOCIAL FUNCTIONING IS COMPROMISED (difficulties at school, work, sometimes the patient needs to withdraw from such activities).
- RELATIONSHIPS WITH THE CLOSES ONES ARE AFFECTED – sometimes aggression occurs and it is difficult for the family to deal with such behaviour.
- RELATIONSHIPS WITH PEERS, friends are affected – frequent isolation, hospital stays.
What are the signs of a relapse?
SIGNS OF A RELAPSE include mainly a change in a patient's behaviour and early symptoms of a disease, which have gone away earlier.
- Sleep disorders – problems with falling asleep, lack of sleep
- Anxiety, inner tension
- Irritability, increased nervousness
- The patient talks to himself/herself
- Smoking more cigarettes
- Drinking more coffee
Mueser K.T.,Gingerich S.: Życie ze schizofrenią, Rebis, 2008