Schizophrenia and psychosis

Stock photo. Posed by model.

Psychosis is a condition in which a psychotic person experiences the world in a specific, abnormal way, which does not reflect the actual reality. Schizophrenia, or rather a group of schizophrenic psychoses, is a term describing many different psychoses with different representation and course.

The abnormal perception of the world in psychosis does not result from a mistake and is resistant to correction. Symptoms, typical for psychosis, such as hallucinations and delutions, are experienced by the patient as reality, thus the psychotic persons do not have the sense (the insight) of being ill.


Psychosis is a serious disturbance which may affect the majority of the functional aspects in man.

The psychotic symptoms are caused by biochemical disorders in the brain, leading to imbalance of neurotransmitters - the substances which are used by the brain building cells to communicate. Psychosis can be secondary to the general condition, however, if it occurs, it may indicate a mental illness. Hallucinations and delusions do not necessarily imply psychosis, as they may also be induced by psychoactive substances (drugs, "legal highs").

It is worth knowing that...

Recurring psychotic episodes are found in schizophrenia, in schizoaffective disorders, in psychotic depression and in bipolar affective disease.

The group of schizophrenic psychoses, together with other psychoses, such as schizoaffective and paranoid disorder, belongs to a large group of mental disorders, called psychoses. The methods of treatment of all psychoses are similar and the fact of describing psychosis as schizophrenic, paranoid or schizoaffective does not determine its further course or prognosis.
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