Diagnosis and treatment methods

The primary care physician (GP, family, psychiatric) diagnoses the causes of various sensations. Therefore, the doctor enquires about the family & life situation of the patient, the sources of his/her stress and thoroughly examines the somatic condition. If necessary, the doctor orders additional tests (laboratory tests of blood and urine, possibly also hormonal, x-ray, ECG and other).


Only on the basis of such a complex diagnosis will the doctor select the method of therapy.

Stock photo. Posed by model.

In case when no somatic condition is found or when a relationship is identified between somatic symptoms and mental state, as well as with earlier stressful experiences, the family doctor may refer the patient to a psychologist at a psychological outpatient clinic or at an outpatient clinic of mental health for psychological diagnosis and recommendations for psychotherapy.

Sometimes, when mental, neurological or any other disorders are suspected, demanding specialised pharmacotherapy, the family doctor refers the patient for consultation by a psychiatrist, a neurologist, and endocrinologist or another specialist.  It happens, however, that the pharmacological treatment of diagnosed somatic disease (e.g. bronchial asthma, hypertension, ulcerative disease of the gastric tract, diabetes mellitus or coronary disease, is more effective, when pharmacotherapy is simultaneously supported by psychological assistance or psychotherapy.

It is worth knowing that...

The man constitutes a psychophysical unity and sometimes, to regain the systemic balance, simultaneous activities are required, both in biological and psychosocial sphere. In such cases, we may talk about "psychosomatic conditions".

Does my child suffer of schizophrenia?

Psychotic disorders may occur in some people who use or have used stimulant drugs or alcohol, both during intoxication and when the abstinence symptoms (e.g. delirium tremens) emerge. Increasingly, psychoses, similar to schizophrenia, are actually caused by stimulant drugs, such as amphetamine or LSD.


Therefore, having symptoms typical for schizophrenia does not necessarily imply that the affected person actually has schizophrenia – they may as well be caused by the use or overuse of stimulant drugs.

The best way to find out if a child has schizophrenia is to ask the right question to the attending physician, for example, to inquire when schizophrenia can be either diagnosed or excluded.
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