Types of drug therapies


There are two main types of drugs available for the treatment of schizophrenia: oral drugs and injections.

What are the advantages of these two types of therapies?

Oral drugs Long-acting injections 
Easy to use Can reduce the risk of relapse16 
Conventional Long lasting effect
Seems familiar It allows thinking about the disease and the therapy only four times a year, monthly or every two weeks
It creates the feeling of independence and control Less conflicts with relatives related to verifying whether the patient took the drugs or not
  Regular contacts with the doctor

What are the disadvantages of these two types of therapies?

Oral drugs Injections
The patient has to think of taking the drug every day Possible pain and swelling at the injection site
The patient may forget to take the drug If there is any side effect, which require switching therapies, this could take longer
The patient is at higher risk of deterioration and hospitalization compared to long-action injections26  
  • References

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    16. Lynn Starr h. et al: Comparison of long-acting and oral antipsychotic treatment effects in patients with schizophrenia, comorbid substance abuse, and a history of recent incarceration: An exploratory analysis of the PRIDE study; Schizophr Res. 2018 Apr;194:39-46. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2017.05.005. Epub 2017 Jun 7
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    26. Kozma CM et al. Changes in schizophrenia-related hospitalization and ER use among patients receiving paliperidone palmitate. Current Medical Research and Opinion. 2011.27;1603-1611

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